Olaia Merino with her work Beti Bezala -as always in Euskara- has been the winner of the San Fermín poster contest and will dress this year’s festivities. The work has been the winner in the popular vote with 1,603 votes that represent 19.6% of the total votes received. 8,191 valid votes have been registered, setting a new record since this system was launched. A daily participation record of 819 votes on average has also been set, exceeding the average of 2019 by more than 100, the year with the most votes in history, 10,629, but obtained in 15 days, with which the average was 708. up to date.
Olaia Merino is a designer, she lives in Sarriguren (Pamplona), studied Fine Arts and works at Cistec, a company dedicated to technology in Ansoáin (Navarra). On her professional website, she shows herself as a professional in branding, design, advertising and photography. Merino is from Sarriguren (Pamplona), she is 22 years old and the jury has assessed that the work presents a revival of the posters of the 30s from a very current perspective. They also pointed out that it is a dynamic poster, with diversity and that includes the essence of the party. For her part, the author described in a press conference that “This poster is made up of modernist figures that represent the multitude of the San Fermín festivities, as always, beti bezala, an aura of happiness and harmony of colors is generated.”
Registered valid votes and identities of the finalists
This year, with ten posters, the votes have been distributed more and the percentage of the winning work is similar to that received by posters that in other editions have been second or third. Specifically, the second work has been number 8 and number 10.
Nº 8. Plica 469. ‘Corre San Fermín’. Jose Manuel Otero Amoedo (A Coruña)
Nº 9. Plica 500. ‘Bendice la fiesta’. Xabier Urtiaga Elguezua (Gipuzkoa)
Nº 10. Plica 638. ‘La fiesta somos todos’. Francisco Xabier Goñi Castañón (Navarra)
One more year, the most used way to vote has been the web, with 6,959 valid votes of the 8,191 received, that is, 84.9%. The face-to-face vote in the civivox has risen to 1,116, 13.7%. Through 010, 116 votes have been cast, 1.4% of the total. Thus, the poster number 1, ‘Beti Bezala’ has obtained 1,603 votes, 19.6% of the votes. In second position is poster number 8, ‘Corre San Fermín’, with 1,384 votes, 16.9%. In third position was poster 10, ‘We are all the party’, with 1,198 votes, 14.6%.
Following the suspicions of fraud in online voting, confirmed by the Municipal Police following the complaint filed by the Pamplona City Council, a total of 606 suspected frauds have been eliminated, corresponding to a common pattern. The votes cast in favor of the beneficiary cartel had only the first surname, were entered consecutively and, for the most part, in alphabetical order. Voting began on April 25 and was suspended at 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday, May 4, which was the last scheduled day for voting. The term was reopened on Friday, May 6 at 3:00 p.m. to complete the popular vote until midnight.
The Councilor for Culture of the Pamplona City Council, María García Barberena, has recalled the irregularities detected in the online voting for the San Fermín cartel, with a series of irregular votes at specific times. The voting stopped for a few hours, the fraud of the votes with the usurpation of DNI numbers was confirmed. «It was verified that 606 irregular votes had been entered and that they were all eliminated. They all had the same pattern, they were made in a row, in alphabetical order and only with the first surname. It is a pity that something so beautiful is tarnished by this situation, ”Barberena confirmed.
Among these ten works is the work that will lead the Sanfermin 2022 festivities, those of the return after the pandemic. A voting period is open until May 4, for which an exclusive participatory process is enabled for those registered in Pamplona and an exhibition so that the quality of the works can be assessed before making a decision. From Sanfermin.com we bring you the works so that you can make your decision without having to go there. In addition, we offer you a survey so that you can tell us which one you like the most if you cannot vote even if you are a very San Fermin person.
Choose your favorite poster for the Sanfermin.com survey
This survey does not decide which work is the best or the worst, but rather the one that those who read sanfermin.com like the most. You can vote for up to three works and see the result of all the people who have participated.
¿Qué cartel es tu preferido para Sanfermin 2022?
260 - Por fin de vuelta (19%, 31 Votos)
638 - La fiesta somos todos (14%, 23 Votos)
132 - 1087 (13%, 21 Votos)
27 - Beti bezala (11%, 18 Votos)
469 - Corre San Fermín (10%, 17 Votos)
52 - Emoción (8%, 13 Votos)
500 - Bendice la fiesta (7%, 12 Votos)
103 - Vuelta a la fiesta (7%, 11 Votos)
326 - Preparada (6%, 9 Votos)
167 - (2022) (4%, 7 Votos)
Votantes totales: 133
POSTER 1. BETI BEZALA
The aesthetics of the poster presents a personal “revival” of the posters of the 30s from a very current perspective. It has been selected for being a dynamic poster, with diversity in its participants.
It represents the essence of the party: people having a good time. There is dancing and joy. It is an image of people in movement and festive accompaniment.
They find the color very resounding. It is a good reflection of the power and quality that is currently in the illustration.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENTS
«This poster is made up of modernist figures that represent the multitude of the San Fermín festivities, as always, beti bezala, an aura of happiness and harmony of colors is generated».
POSTER 2. EMOTION
The poster reflects well a moment of union, a very closed composition, in which the conjunction between the person and the bull is very intense.
The graphic treatment is very interesting. The aesthetic of the poster is reminiscent of avant-garde pictorial movements (cubism, constructivism…) and gives it a sculptural character.
From that style reminiscent of aesthetic avant-garde, he builds a current image. It draws you into the present with the strength of the manual typography and how it’s integrated into the poster.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENT
The fusion between courage, adrenaline, fear and emotion that is felt in each running of the bulls. The danger, the red bull, the movement of the lines every race. A hug to the essence.
POSTER 3. BACK TO THE PARTY
It is a very dynamic and friendly poster.
It transmits community, warmth of the company in festive moments.
Idea of ??dynamism.
Message of coexistence, communion, enjoyment, joy, diversity and equality at the same time.
Diversity in the homogeneous.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENTS
Dantzas and typical dances of Pamplona/Iruña, an intercultural festival, which involves everyone, without age limits. We want to go back to the usual parties.
POSTER 4. 1087
Technically an elegant, forceful poster. Very significant.
We all find days of suffering and days of confinement in those bars. Reminds the prisoner that he is counting down his days. It also reminds of fencing. It is a very wise poster.
It exquisitely reflects the three years of waiting. The bars are handmade and seek to break the rigidity of the concept. They generate dynamism.
An artistic element becomes a narrative. The narrative character achieved with graphic elements with the magnificent final wink converted into a festive txupinazo.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENTS
The poster shows the 1087 days that have elapsed from the last day of San Fermín in 2019 to the first in 2022 and ends with a small txupinazo that culminates the three years of waiting.
POSTER 5. (2022)
It reflects the parenthesis that we have experienced and how the holidays are going to erase it.
Very symbolic poster. Let’s erase all this past time and give ourselves to the party. Conceptually it is very interesting with a minimalist presentation.
The rubber physically has a reason, but so does the result.
Artistically it is very well resolved.
How with so little can something so round be done.
Very static in appearance, it actually provides the dynamism of a bull run.
Conceptual image on a white background that represents the image of a bull; with an eraser and the parenthesis symbol, alluding to the two-year suspension of the festivities (2020 and 2021).
ARTIST PERSON COMMENTS
Conceptual image on a white background that represents the image of a bull; with an eraser and the parenthesis symbol, alluding to the two-year suspension of the festivities (2020 and 2021).
POSTER 6. FINALLY BACK
The graphic impact achieved with the use of only 2 or 3 colors is valued positively.
It takes various elements of the party to synthesize everything, homogenizing it with style and color in a varied and dynamic composition.
It challenges the viewer’s intelligence.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENT
Reflection of what was needed and has returned. Minimalist design reflecting important elements. The running of the bulls and the person as an essential component around the party are highlighted.
POSTER 7. READY
It offers a very striking image. Queen Braulia humanized and taking a selfie.
She seeks to humanize. Work a different perspective than the usual one of a giant. You don’t have to prepare her, but she prepares herself on her own. It values ??typographic work. Manual typography. The contemporaneity of elements such as color and mobile stands out.
It puts recognizable elements of the party with a very modern language of symbols, colors and languages. Unusual colors that give us a feminist look.
The choice of the giant is important. She is a woman and also racialized.
It is a current gesture (SELFIE) as an idea that it is the only way to attest today that you have been in a place.
The typography gives her a lot of dynamism and it seems that she is dancing. It brings us references to Andy Warhol’s Marilyn and Pop Art.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENT
Braulia is ready to go out dancing. Elements arranged from top to bottom and left to right. Handmade drawing and typography. Bright and neutral colors. Striking image.
POSTER 8. RUN SAN FERMIN
I would highlight from the poster that it goes to the most international concept we have of San Fermín: The running of the bulls. The numbers of the year are the bulls and the letters of San Fermín, the runners.
It does so in a fun way, a confinement of fonts in volume with the composition in which the message of San Fermín 2022 is integrated into the illustration itself.
Play with the elements. Create a composition that works and is readable, but at the same time is fun.
It could be a staff, it brings musical reminiscences, rhythm.
It’s funny and naive in a way. It is a poster that has a lot of strength, of significant forcefulness and with very good formalization.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENTS
CORRE SAN FERMIN is a recreation of the image of the Encierros carried out by typographic elements. A start over from the illusion and the reunion with normality.
POSTER 9. BLESS THE PARTY
Delicate. Apparently unfinished, as sketched.
Brave in composition and execution.
Of great artistic quality.
Great actuality in the classicism that has the drawing. It is very classic but very modern at the same time.
It provides a great capacity to evoke the light that illuminates a Saint that we recognize immediately despite appearing in that fragmented, sketchy way and without his characteristic attributes of the crozier and mitre.
A very clean work in which the artistic quality stands out within the deliberate simplicity of execution.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENT
The poster extols the figure of the Saint as a light in a void, after two years of absence. The image of him predominates on a neutral background with a slight abstraction of shapes and warm colors.
POSTER 10. WE ARE ALL THE PARTY
It is a virtuous poster in the handling of infographics.
Beautiful image that evokes those decorative New York plans.
A powerful image in the reality of the urban fabric populated by small elements and festive protagonists. An infographic that talks about people’s experiences and where those “moments” of the party occur. Narrate emotion by putting those red dots scattered around the map.
It provides a brave and very attractive composition, achieved in an image with hardly any color.
ARTIST PERSON COMMENTS
A city designed and inspired by and to contain the party. Joy and celebration shape streets full of color and orchestras. It is much more than 1 week a year, a memory of yesteryear.
601 works presented
Pamplona City Council has registered 601 works submitted to the San Fermín 2022 poster contest. This is the second highest participation in the last 20 years, after the 622 in 2004, also doubling the 245 posters submitted for the festivities held in 2019. of the 601 posters, 188 have been sent from Pamplona, 192 from other towns in Navarra and 206 from Spanish autonomous communities.
The Pamplona-born artist Juan José Aquerreta is the author of the poster for the 2022 Bull Fair. It is a work composed of the reproduction of a charcoal drawing and an aerial image of the Bullring in 1923 by Gerardo Zaragüeta with reddened inks. Aquerreta is an artist at the Marlborough Gallery where you can consult his extensive curriculum and much of his work. In the presentation of the poster at the Casa de Misericordia Aquerreta pointed out that “the bullring is the connection between bulls and men that under the blood red color means the passion of a tremendous festival such as that of the bulls.”
The author, National Prize for Plastic Arts in 2001 and Prince of Viana Prize for Culture in 2003, has highlighted that the work reflects compassion and respect among those who participate in the festival. “One of the characters is wounded and the other helps him. The work is a psychological expression of the human relationship that is a symbol of Sanfermin. The saint is a martyr who offers his life for the city, evidencing his relationship with God and with the city. The bullring is a wonderful building, it is a representation of the relationship between bulls and men, and blood communicates between bulls and human beings.” The author did not want to reveal the identity of the models used for the work, which he has, and which correspond to two cyclist brothers.
The centenary poster
The member of the governing board of the Casa de Misericordia, Miguel Ángel Alonso del Val, director of the School of Architecture of the University of Navarra, has pointed out regarding the photo of the bullring that “It is an image from 1922 before to the remodeling of the square. The framing offers us a vision of the Pamplona basin, not only of the city, and reminds us of the amphitheater character of the construction, recalling the Roman reminiscences of the place”.
In defense of the bull in San Fermín
The mayor of Pamplona, ??Enrique Maya, pointed out that the painter is a resident of Estafeta street, like him, and recalled the importance of the fighting bull in Pamplona’s festivities. “Without the bull there would be no Sanfermin. The festivals would be so different that I can’t even imagine them. Acts such as the section, the mulillas or the running of the bulls determine the program of each day and generate unique atmospheres.” As president of the Casa de Misericordia and mayor he vindicated the presence of the bull in San Fermín. He, in turn, recalled that it has been two very hard years for the institution because the Bull Fair turns its profits on the attention of the residents of the Casa de Misericordia, a unique milestone in the world.
Regarding the celebration of the Sanfermin 2022 festivities, Maya said that “There is no going back. There will be no official announcement, the program will be presented step by step as it has always been done.”
The Pamplona City Council has announced that Juan Carlos Unzué will launch the Chupinazo for the upcoming Sanfermin festivities. This news means one more step in the arguments that make us think that next July our beloved party will be celebrated. Juan Carlos Unzué is a former soccer player and former coach and, as the Pamplona City Council indicates in a press release, “since he made it public in 2020 that he suffered from ALS, he has become a benchmark in the fight against this disease, leading campaigns, talks, documentaries and books in which he recounts in the first person his coexistence with this ailment”.
When Enrique Maya communicated the decision, he pointed out that “with this appointment, Pamplona joins the visibility of this disease, the support for those who suffer from it and their families and the way in which Juan Carlos Unzué is facing ALS as a lesson of life, in addition to also recognizing the professional career of one of the best Navarrese football goalkeepers.”
According to the data provided by the Pamplona City Council, Juan Carlos Unzué Labiano (Orkoien, 1967) accumulated more than 300 games in the First Division. He made his debut in goal for Osasuna in the First Division in the 1986-1987 season. It was the start of a professional career that also led him to play for FC Barcelona, ??Sevilla FC, CD Tenerife and Real Oviedo. As a footballer, he has a European Cup Winners’ Cup and a Copa del Rey to his name, won with FC Barcelona in 1989 and 1990, respectively.
Already on the bench, he trained CD Numancia and Racing de Santander. Between 2013 and 2017 he formed a tandem with Luis Enrique and was second coach with him at RC Celta de Vigo and FC Barcelona, ??achieving a Champions League, two Leagues, three Copas del Rey, a Club World Cup or a European Super Cup with the Blaugrana . After that stage, already as head coach, he managed RC Celta de Vigo and Girona FC.
Work is being done on the celebration of Sanfermin 2022
In the same statement, the Pamplona City Council has transmitted that “it continues to work on the celebration of Sanfermines convinced that, in view of the current evolution of the health situation, it will be possible to celebrate the festivities, after two years of suspension.” There have been people who, reading this sentence in an official statement, have burst into tears.
Remember that if you dare to come to Pamplona in 2022, living the txupinazo among the crowd is a highly recommended but somewhat powerful experience: from 11.00 or so the crowding is terrible and you cannot move a finger. It’s infernally hot, whatever the weather: from the mass rises a mist mixed with sweat, champagne and various liquids that fall on you from everywhere (there are those who even make some really disgusting mixtures: ketchup, cola cao, mustard, flour, shaving foam, etc.).
From the balconies they throw buckets of water at people to relieve suffocation. The pushes spread through the crowd like a wave. In some of these, large pieces of human mess go to the ground, and there is a general commotion not to trample on them. One last. After being in the square, people seem to come out of an old washing machine. Every year the medical services treat many bruised, fainted and suffocated, but usually there are no serious injuries.
The Kiliki are going to be the first San Fermin NFTs in history covered by the Kiliki Club, the first digital San Fermin club ever created. Did you find out something? If not, we try again. The first San Fermín digital peña known as the Kiliki Club has been born. From this platform they will publicize and market NFTs that will be called Kilikis. NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens) are a type of unique cryptocurrencies used to represent real physical or digital assets. In the case of Kiliki Club, a series of 10,000 different Kilikis can be purchased, generated algorithmically and hosted on the blockchain. According to the people of Kiliki Club “Each Kiliki NFT is a unique collector’s item that will represent belonging to Kiliki Club.”
The initiative arose on January 1 of this year when Pablo Garbayo, Borja Urteaga, Pablo Régulo and Javier Senosiain meet after the censored New Year’s Eve to have an aperitif and, suddenly, one of them mentions that it is the first day of the staircase of 2022. It is then when one of them occurs to him that it is time to create a community of people, who regardless of the circumstances want to be part of a community that represents those people who identify with the joy of the party more universal (as they tell it on their website).“After a few beers, sangrias, patxaranes and San Fermin songs, Kiliki Club was born, the first `Digital Club’ in the history of the San Fermines”, they say without shame in the official history of their initiative.
Since February 2, registration is open to receive information on NFTs on the Kiliki Club website
They express the intention to create a community and teach everyone how to operate within the world of blockchain
The origin of this initiative is cooked in the middle of the Sanfermin ladder, but its destiny is to reach 10,000 members, as its founders say, “We will ensure that our users obtain their NFTs through training for the community. The collection will be 10,000 NFTs. This means that there will be a maximum of 10,000 members.”
On July 7, 2022, the NFTs will be delivered
When they go on sale, the NFTs can be purchased through the Metamask wallet, which is a payment method for blockchain applications. They are still in the process of selecting the blockchain and encourage expert followers to pass on their suggestions. It is expected that on July 7, the day of San Fermín, the NFTs will be delivered to those who have purchased them. Once the NFTs have been acquired, they can be sold on the secondary market, although their function is to certify the membership of the Peña Digital Kiliki and give the right to decide the NGOs with which the Peña will collaborate, decide on the banner for each year and access events where you can meet other members.
We tell you this because the story is very funny, because we want them to give us an NFT and because this story is very Pamplona. I’m sure it’s going very well.
Balcony rental reservations to see the 2022 Sanfermin running of the bulls and apartment reservations for next July show that those who make them trust that the festivities will be held in 144 days . The apartments for rent available for the month of July in Pamplona through the Airbnb platform are diminishing rapidly as if it were certain that Sanfermin 2022 will be celebrated. The offer is scarce for those dates and if we look at the first ten «superhosts» of Airbnb in the old town, all have reserved the dates that would correspond to the Sanfermin 2022 festivities. What remains now are apartments recently uploaded to the platform, with a higher price or far from the city center.
We wanted to interpret that those who prepare their trip with time trust that the next Sanfermines in 2022 will be celebrated and that is why these reservations are being made. According to the clauses of the contract of the rental platform, if the party is suspended, in most cases, all the money is returned or a minimum management fee is generally withheld. On Airbnb and other similar platforms, you can clearly see by moving to the July dates that from the 5th to the 14th the dates already reserved by other clients in Pamplona predominate. They are the dates of Sanfermin.
According to data from the tourist platform Sanfermin by Locals , which has been renting out balconies for the running of the bulls through Sanfermin.com for twelve years , reservations to see the running of the bulls are arriving as if it were a normal year on these dates. In January and February there have been reservations from countries that have a habit of anticipating and securing places because they come from farther away; In March it is common for companies that celebrate the incentives taking advantage of Sanfermin and that rent balconies for the Sanfermin running of the bulls to reserve balconies to watch the running of the bulls. After Easter, the reservations of national travelers who decide later take place, although the best sites are usually no longer available.
La Estafeta desde un balcón. alzugaray.es
Rental of balconies for the running of the bulls in good gear and the running of the bulls as a Valentine’s gift
Mikel Ollo, from Sanfermin by Locals, tells us that the reservation of balconies for the Sanfermin 2022 running of the bulls is going on as if it were a normal year. « We cannot guarantee that Sanfermin can be celebrated. It will depend on health criteria, but given the current situation there are those who decide to go ahead because there is a great desire to celebrate San Fermín again. There is a nuance in the reservations, such as the fact that people who attended in 2019 are taking part in some of the reservations again in figures above the average,” says Ollo.
This sector has had a very bad time with the pandemic and hopes to recover with the return of the parties and confinements. “It has been a very hard time for tour guides. Going back to normality is what we want in the guild. This week I have felt that tingling again with a reservation from a boy from Madrid who has given his girlfriend a reservation for Valentine’s Day for the running of the bulls on July 7 “, says Mikel Ollo. (Smells like a request. Editorial note)
Most of the reservations are made online from specialized platforms such as Sanfermin.com and others. The conditions of service change and it is good to make sure, but those carried out with regulated tour guides such as Mikel Ollo, allow favorable conditions for the user in case of cancellation.
Mikel Ollo, from Sanfermin by Locals on one of the balconies that is rented for the Sanfermin Chupinazo.
The reference in the series El Ministerio del Tiempo to the Sanfermin festivities in 2016 was as curious as it was original. Due to the plot of the series we could see Ernest Hemingway in 1931 , Later, this moment allowed a reference to the series in the animations that Kukuxumusu performs for TVE in Sanfermin . Here’s the full story and in this link you can see all Kukuxumusu animations for the Sanfermin programs on Spanish television.
As explained by TVE in the website of the series “El Ministerio del Tiempo “is a Autonomous and secret governmental institution that depends directly on the Presidency of the Government. Only kings, presidents and an exclusive number of people know about it. The passage to other times is carried out through gates guarded by the Ministry Patrols. Its objective : detect and prevent any intruder from the past from reaching our present -or vice versa- in order to use History for their benefit. For this, the Patrols will have to travel to the past and prevent them from achieving it. They are superheroes, but ordinary people exposed to unusual situations. Julián, a modern-day SAMUR nurse, Amelia Folch, the first female university student in Barcelona in 1880 (an image of modern Spain) and Alonso de Entrerríos, a soldier from the Third of Flanders (example of the value and patriotic sacrifice of our armies). All Spain together for a common goal. His mission: to fight so that the past does not change, which would mean that our present is not what it is. To do this, they will have to fight with merchants and organizations that want to manipulate it for their benefit or that of foreign powers. The Ministry is the last barrier so that, with its greatness and its sorrows, our History is what it is. “
With this excuse they live many adventures and in the chapter “The farewell to Ortigosa”, a group of officials decides to travel to Sanfermin in 1931 for a party. The series picks up the moments in the tunnels after the party and Ernest Hemingway surprisingly slips in a little past laps.
In line with this story, for Sanfermin 2017, Kukuxumusu customized one of the animations for the Sanfermines program of La 1 on RTVE, emulating this turn proposed by the series. In the animation some characters from a different era appear in a confinement by mistake. The door, with the legend 777, guessed the tragedy.
A fan passes us this pack of Chesterfield tobacco bought in a tobacconist this morning in Pamplona. As you can see, it includes an allegorical message to the «Chupinazo» and the promotional message «With CH de Chesterfield». This campaign, which we understand uses words with the letter “CH” in different places, has chosen the word Chupinazo at least for Pamplona. This tribute to Sanfermin Fiesta maintains the corporate colors of this brand, which is the third best-selling in the country.
The word Chupinazo includes the characteristic typeface of the Chesterfield trademark, which is different from the typeface with the same name. The brand is owned by Philip Morris and markets both pack and rolling tobacco under the name “Chesterfield Roll Your Ow”. We do not know if the same campaign has been carried out in the rolling support.
Since 2005, advertising, promotion and sponsorship of tobacco products are generally prohibited in Spain, but it does not limit the promotion on the pack itself if it includes the mandatory messages.
Luis Azanza, the magnificent photographer with the cap, has died in Pamplona at night. The loss of him leaves us afflicted with him because we have shared many good San Fermin moments with him and with his people and we had a lot of affection for him and his work. His photographs gave meaning to the first Sanfermin bull runs and festivals that this website covered. He accompanied us with the images of him for a few essential years. We have a magnificent legacy of photographs from San Fermin that will allow us to remember it forever. Rest in peace.
Since 2008 Luis Azanza was the founder of Aloa Comunicación and expanded his knowledge to other techniques such as video and animation, successfully developing works for different companies and initiatives. As a current affairs photographer, his work for El País newspaper was significant, where he also made portraits that have left their mark, such as those made for Karmentxu Marín’s articles.
Universo SF was an exhibition that in July 2019 perfectly and with great pleasure summarized Luis Azanza’s vision of the party. This work belongs to his photographic essays, among which were also up to six outstanding works. In this video from amplonatelevision.es we can take a look back at that moment and listen to Luis’ own words.
We have been able to see Luis Azanza’s Sanfermin photographs in the main capitals of the country because he had a special ability to collect those moments that confinement offers you if you know where to look. Beyond the confinement, Luis’s work has become immense in actuality and artistic work, such as the exhibition «Minimal Instances» that was held at the Contraluz Gallery of the Agrupación Fotográfica y Cinematográfica de Navarra in 2009.
We recover these two images to remember: in the first, one of the few without a cap, corresponds to a course taught by Jean Dieuzaide at the Navarra Photographic and Cinematographic Group in 1985 where we can see him together with Koldo Chamorro, Mikel Goñi, Juan Ignacio Delgado and others.
The second image helps us to recover a moment of those typical of a photographer in San Fermín. We see Luis Azanza dodging the bull of fire with the characteristic posture of reserving the chamber of sparks.
The running of the bulls and Luis Azanza
The confinement had few secrets for Luis Azanza but he worked with the pressure of having to comply with the pages of El País every day. His choice of the opportune moments and the mastery of the technique made him a reference in the photography of the confinement forever. We have rescued a selection of images published on sanfermin.com that make this statement clear.
Biography of Luis Azanza
Luis Azanza, entered the world of photography at the age of 16 in a self-taught way, looking for a form of expression that reflected the aesthetic and social transformation that the country was experiencing. Already in the 1980s he began working as a photojournalist in national and regional media, such as El Día, Diario 16, Cambio 16, El País, Diario Vasco, Deia, etc. He has also published in foreign newspapers and magazines such as Le monde and Público (Lisbon).
An independent profession that extends to the present day and that has opened up to corporate, industrial, advertising and illustration photography. At the same time, he has been developing personal work that allows him greater creative freedom and experimenting with different techniques, some that go back to the origins of photography as pinhole photography. The objective is to continue exploring the complexity of the image, without forgetting that it is a language and that as such, it has a grammar that must be known in order to break it.
His works have been exhibited in New Generation Contrasts (150th Anniversary of the otography, 1988); 11 Graphic reporters (New Image Gallery, 1990); Fotopress (1991); La Cubana in festivals (Castillo de Olite, 1992); 16 Years of Photojournalism (Círculo de Bellas Artes, 1993); International Journalistic Contest San Fermín 1992 (Exhibition 1994); 25 years of Iruña (1995); 25 years
“The Sanfermin running of the bulls in Pamplona could help scientists prepare for a catastrophe”, thus concludes a study of the behavior of crowds referred to by this mass media of great global impact on scientific dissemination. To obtain data, they came to Pamplona for the 2019 bull runs and, according to the article, they installed a couple of cameras suspended over the streets of Pamplona to have a bird’s eye view of the event. They recorded two consecutive day runs to capture the speed and direction of each runner, as well as the density of the crowd.
The study has been published, reviewed, and accepted by the editorial board of the American Academy of Sciences. The authors are:
Daniel R. Parisi and Alan G. Sartorio, both from the Center for Physical, Biological and Social Agents of the Technological Institute of Buenos Aires (ITBA) and the National Council for Scientific and Technical Research of Buenos Aires;
Joaquín R. Colonnello, from the Department of Computer Engineering of the Technological Institute of Buenos Aires;
Luis A. Pugnaloni, from the Department of Physics, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, National University of La Pampa, National Council for Scientific and Technical Research of Santa Rosa, (Argentina);
Ángel Garcimartín from the Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Navarra.
Iker Zuriguel, from the Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, from the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Navarra.
First contradictory and surprising results
The cameras show a group of people jogging slowly, spaced through the streets. When the bulls arrive, a large group of runners speed past the camera, right in front of the animals. People run to the side when the bulls catch up with them. Unexpectedly, the data revealed that the speed of the corridors increased with the density of the crowd, up to a point, which is the opposite of what researchers have typically found when studying the flow of people or traffic: typically, People slow down when crowds are thicker.
And the explanation given by the authors is that the results may be due to the desire of the runners to change speed during different parts of the event. As noted in Science Parisi:
“In a crowded metro station, for example, everyone wants to walk at a normal and constant pace; adding more people only slows everyone down. But in the streets of Pamplona, ??runners wait for the bulls, run for a while as they pass and then come back at a slow speed, creating a wave of density and speed around the animals. “
According to an article published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, “Once the crowd increased to approximately one or two people per square meter, the maximum speed of the runners decreased dramatically, often because people it started crashing and falling. Once the crowd surpassed two people per square meter, virtually no one was able to sustain speeds greater than a light jog (about 2 meters / second). ” With this data, “Understanding precisely the speed limits imposed by overcrowding could help researchers build better models of pedestrian movement and improve evacuations in the event of fires and other emergencies,” says Parisi.
According to Science magazine in the article, the running of the bulls in Pamplona has been a unique laboratory experiment. Where else can scientists know exactly when and where people will flee for their lives? Now a study of the event reveals exactly how busy a street can get before people start tripping while sprinting at top speed.
Models to help
Based on this data obtained by Parisi and his team, the findings could help researchers model better ways to help people escape building fires and other catastrophes. According to Parisi: “The confinement is real enough to offer a rare insight into how humans behave when trying to escape danger.”